What is Electrolysis

Electrolysis is the only form of permanent hair removal that works on all skin tones and all hair colors.


In 1875 Dr. Charles Michel, an ophthalmologist, was experimenting with ways to remove the painful ingrown eyelashes of his patients. He would insert a fine wire, which was attached to a battery, into the hair follicle and then release a small amount of current. 

He found that the current which flowed into the hair follicle destroyed hair forever. Electrolysis was born and the thousands of men and women plagued with unwanted hair could now be helped. What once appeared to be a hopeless situation now had a solution. From then until the present, electrolysis has stood the test of time. It is fully accepted by medical doctors and is recognized as the only safe and effective form of permanent hair removal.

Electrolysis permanently removes unwanted hair, regardless of the cause: heredity, metabolics, hormonal imbalances, PCOS, or SRS.  It is the only method approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for permanent hair removal. In contrast, FDA-approved lasers are approved for permanent hair reduction.

How electrolysis and laser therapy differ:
Electrolysis = permanent hair removal for everyone.
Laser = hair reduction for some.

Choose electrolysis as a solution to your hair problem, it will change your life in a positive way. Your investment will pay for itself in confidence, an improved appearance and self-satisfaction. Let us help you today.  Schedule your FREE consultation today.


How Electrolysis Works

An electrolysis treatment involves the inserting of a sterile probe, the same size as the hair, into the hair follicle down to the dermal papilla. The dermal papilla is the electrologist's target. It is the part of the follicle that contains blood and nerves and feeds the growing hair.  If the papilla and the regenerative cells surrounding it are destroyed, the hair will die. 


When the probe is in place, a low-level of current is applied that will destroy the papilla and surrounding cells and loosen the hair in the follicle.  The hair is then removed.

Electrolysis involves a series of treatments over a period of time.  The length of time depends on the amount of hair, its coarseness, the cause of the excess hair and many other factors, but once the dermal papilla has been eliminated, the hair is dead and is permanently gone.

It is important to understand the stages of hair growth.

Human hair does not grow all at once. Rather, each individual hair can be found in one of three phases to determine whether or not it should grow and shed. The anagen phase is the part of the hair growth cycle when the hair enters a state of active growth.  It is the only time new hair is growing.

Anagen/Active Phase

During the anagen phase, a hair bulb forms at the bottom of the hair follicle and matures into a full-length strand of hair that grows outwards past the skin barrier.  During the anagen phase, the hair strand is connected to the papilla, which in turn is connected to blood vessels that feed the hair and enable stem cells to grow into new hair. The growing stage or the anagen is the best stage for a hair removal treatment.


Catagen/Transitional Phase

During the catagen phase, the following events occur: the hair ceases growth and the hair bulb at the bottom of the follicle detaches from the blood supply and moves upwards.  The hair follicle itself shrinks rapidly to encourage this upward push.  Once the hair bulb no longer has access to the blood supply, it begins to convert to keratin. During this keratinization process, the hair bulb becomes shaped like a club.  Only about 3% of all hairs are in this phase at any time. This phase lasts for about two to three weeks. 

Telogen/Resting Phase


During this final stage of a hair’s lifecycle, the hair ceases to grow any further and becomes fully keratinized. The dermal papilla enters a resting state and does not supply any nutrition to the hair, which is fully grown and no longer needs sustenance. It is the resting phase and usually accounts for 6% to 8% of all hairs. At this stage, hair growth stops completely. The hair strand has totally detached from the papilla.  During this phase, the hair follicle is completely at rest.

Electrolysis is most effective during the Anagen phase of hair growth.


Hairs need to be visible – in order for us to be able to successfully treat each individual hair.


Causes of Unwanted Hair

Many factors contribute to the growth of excess hair:

  • Heredity

  • Normal physiological changes

  • Malfunction of endocrine system

  • Medication

  • Topical influences

  • Stress


Heredity, is the cause of excess hair, must be approached from three different levels: race, nationality and family. People belonging to the Caucasian race tend to be the most hairy; those of the Negroid race follow, and the Mongolian race is the least hairy. If your ancestors lived along the Mediterranean sea, your chances of having access here are greater. Italians, Greeks, Spanish and French fall into this category as well as many others. 


It is a known factor that if your mother and grandmother had facial hair, your chances of having the same condition are greater than if they did not.

Puberty, pregnancy and menopause can also cause excess hair. During the normal systemic changes in a woman’s life, hormone production varies. It is not uncommon for hormones during these times to be unbalanced. Increased male hormones (androgens) can be present which may result in unwanted hair growth.  Hormonal changes also affect young men causing unwanted hair. 

Malfunctions of the endocrine glands can trigger the appearance of excess hair, too. Some diseases of the thyroid gland, ovaries, pituitary gland and adrenal gland are known to stimulate hair growth. Cushing’s disease, polycystic ovary syndrome and thyroid conditions are just a few of them.  These pathological disorders must be treated by physician in order for electrolysis to be effective.

Medications are another known factor influencing the production of unwanted hair. Some common culprits include birth control pills, cortizone, some seizure drugs and high blood pressure medication.

Topical influences may also play a part in increased hair growth. These are external influences of the body that cause an increase in the blood supply to the skin and hair follicles. Included in this category of the abrasive action of casts, sunburn, scars from injuries, as well as prolong tweezing, waxing and threading. 

And finally, stress, (both emotional and physical) can stimulate the adrenal glands to initiate a hormonal reaction that can cause fine, soft body hair to become more course and noticeable. In addition, it has been proven that emotional disturbances can cause menstrual irregularities which, in turn, can also affect excessive hair growth.  Regardless of the cause of your specific hair problem electrolysis can safely and permanently eliminate it for you.


Electrolysis Techniques

We use the Platinum Pure, the quickest, most powerful and most comfortable 27 MGHz technology on the market with more than 10 treatment modalities. At Central CT Electrolysis, we will tailor a specific treatment plan for your specific needs.  We promise to do our best to help you achieve your hair removal goals!

Electrolysis is the only form of permanent hair removal recognized by the American Medical Association. There are three modalities that can be used to eliminate unwanted hair, and all three are effective.​​

Galvanic electrolysis, which is the oldest, is a chemical method that utilizes a direct current to convert normal body salt and water in the follicle into compound (lye) capable of destroying the dermal papilla. The chemical is produced only in the follicle and does not affect any other area.

Thermolysis applies alternating current to the probe at the base of the hair in order to create heat and destroy the hair follicle. This is the most commonly used method because it is very fast and effective. 

THE BLEND method combines both currents together in the same probe.  Thermolysis enhances the action of the galvanic method to produce a faster process. This method is slower than Thermolysis but is very effective and often used to treat difficult areas.  Your electrologist will select the best method for you based on your hair type, skin characteristics and sensitivity. His/Her choice will assure you of the greatest maximum comfort and permanency for your hair problem.

With all three techniques, a very fine probe is inserted into the natural opening in the skin (hair follicle).  Once the probe is inserted, chemical (lye) or electricity are delivered to the hair papilla in order to cut off blood supply to the hair follicle and permanently stop hair growth.

This 3D animation shows how a very fine electrolysis filament is inserted into the natural opening of the hair follicle alongside the hair shaft. A quick current is then applied to destroy the hair growth cells allowing the electrologist to slide out the hair without any resistance.


Electrolysis Preparation

HYDRATE - Drink lots of water before, the day of, and the day after your appointment. It is very important to come to your appointment fully hydrated. Hydrated follicles will ensure a more effective treatment because electrolysis works by using the water content in the follicle. Dehydrated follicles are much more difficult to treat.

COMFORTABLE CLOTHES - Wear comfortable lose fitting clothes. If getting breast work done, a button-down blouse is appropriate. Proper draping technique is used for client’s personal privacy and comfort.

TRIM HAIR - Please trim (not shave) the area to be treated day of your appointment. This can easily be done with a pair of clippers.  If you decide to shave the area, be sure to do so a few days prior to your appointment, allowing enough hair growth for the tweezers to grab. 

AVOID - Avoid stimulants such as coffee day of your appointment.  This could make you more sensitive to pain.

AVOID RETINOIDS - Do not use Retin A or any product claiming anti-aging benefits, or any topical retinoid for at least 1 week prior to your electrolysis treatment. Having electrolysis services done while on retinoids could result in permanent pigment changes and scarring.


Electrolysis Post-Care

KEEP YOUR SKIN CLEAN - Gently apply an antiseptic such as witch hazel without alcohol 2 to 3 times per day, or more frequently if dirt or perspiration are an issue.

DO NOT TOUCH / PICK - Do not touch the treated area with your hands after treatment.  Bacteria is everywhere and on everything.  Touching your skin with dirty hands is the number one reason people get break outs after electrolysis (sit one your hands :).  Light scabbing is a natural part of the healing process.  If scabs appear, apply vaseline to keep them soft and allow them to fall off on their own.  Do not pick or exfoliate your skin.

APPLY ANTIBIOTIC CREAM - Apply Bacitracin, Polysporin, or any antibiotic cream cream to the treated area the night of your treatment.  This can be applied with clean hands or cotton three times a day, for up to a week. These medicines are designed to kill bacteria on your skin and prevent infections from cuts and burns. This will help your skin heal even faster, especially facial areas. 

ICE/EPSOM SALT COMPRESSES - Applying ice to the area immediately after the treatment is soothing.  Using ice on the treated area following treatment will reduce inflammation and accelerate healing process.  Epsom salt compresses can soothe and inhibit ingrown hair.  

STAY OUT OF THE SUN - Be sure to use sunscreen!  Avoid tanning and direct sun exposure for 48 hours after treatment.  Do not leave the house without using sunblock with a minimum of 15 SPF.


AVOID HOT TUBS, SAUNAS, AND POOLS - Avoid hot tubs and saunas in the first 48 hours. Your pores are open and can easily become infected.

DO NOT WORKOUT - Avoid exercising after your electrolysis appointment.  Excessive sweating can cause bacteria to enter open follicles causing a minor infection, resulting in a breakout.

MAKEUP - If you use makeup, reserve a fresh, hypoallergenic formula for use after treatment so you do not cross contaminate the area.  Your pores are open and can easily become infected.  It is okay to wear eye makeup, but no foundation or powder. ​

DO NOT TWEEZE OR PLUCK - Tweezing causes injury to the follicle.  The body's natural response is to repair by supplying the follicle with blood and nutrients resulting in deeper, darker regrowth.

KEEP UP WITH A REGULAR TREATMENT SCHEDULE - Keeping on a regular electrolysis maintenance schedule is very important.  If you cannot make your scheduled appointment, clip or shave your hair. Treating the new regrowth as soon as it starts to appear, when the roots are not very deep and thick, will result in a more effective treatment. So be sure to maintain a regular treatment schedule!


The commitment you make

to yourself, for yourself